A pool dive gone wrong, a summersault misjudged, an accident on the road, a mishap at a construction site or a slip on the pavement. We never know when a small miscalculation or a slip can result in a spine injury damaging the Spinal Cord. Only a person suffering from an active to immobile life can understand the pain and helplessness. From centuries Spinal Cord Injury has been considered untreatable. Historic papyrus dating 5000 years ago to modern surgeons; hold on to this fact. But today Stem cell has provided hope in this field of medicine. Surgeons and therapist are hopeful than ever. This hope is based purely on scientific advancement backed by evidence based care.
Spinal Cord is like a cable made-up of numerous bundles of nerves that pass through the spinal channel (vertebrae) in middle of your back. It carries signals from your central nervous system to your body and vice versa. A spinal cord injury damages these nerves and thus the signal carrying capability. IF a person suffers spinal cord injury then his sensory, motor and reflex capacity will be affected. Depending on the severity of the injury on the spinal cord, these abilities will be affected. An injury can be caused by trauma, fall, dislocation of spinal disc or it can be also caused by factors that are not external. Internal factors like arthritis, cancer, inflammation etc.
Fall out of a Spinal Cord Injury
Irrespective of the causes of Spinal Cord Injury, a Spinal Cord Injury can be ‘complete’ or ‘incomplete’. Some of clinical manifestations of injury caused to the nerves in spinal cord are:
- Loss of mobility
- No or lack of sensation
- Loss of bowel control
- Loss of bladder control
- Uncontrollable reflex activity
- Pricking or stinging sensation
- Difficulty to breath and cough
If the Spinal Cord Injury has resulted in paralysis then it will be categorized as Quadriplegia or Paraplegia. In a Quadriplegia case; arms, hands, legs and pelvis are paralyzed. Whereas in case of Paraplegia; body’s trunk, legs and pelvis are paralyzed.
Conventional Method to Treat a Spinal Cord Injury
Conventional treatment can only provide surgery for the spine to repair the damage caused to it due to internal or external factors. But there is no solution available to repair the damage caused to the nerves in the spinal cord. It is noteworthy that the spinal cord nerve is capable of regenerating after a trauma but it may not regenerate sufficient enough to reverse the damage caused. But a Stem Cell procedure assists the injured area to regenerate enough to minimize and reverse the damage.
Understanding Stem Cell
Our body is made up of trillions of cells. They form our basic body structure, parts and organs. It is also responsible for metabolism giving us energy and is also essential for reproducing. Cells have different functions in our body but before they take on their respective roles, they are part of the stem cell i.e. they originate or ‘stems’ from cells that has still not taken a role or function. These base cells are known as ‘stem cell’. These stems cells can be derived from our body, isolated and then reintroduced/injected into the affected area. These cells can multiply manifold, convert into the desired cell and repair the damaged cell or replace them.
Stem Cell can be derived from Embryo, stem cell, hip bone or fat tissue. Fat tissue is the most preferred source and it is easily available. Fat tissue is favorable as it also has highest density of stem cell. Fat tissue is also called adipose tissue. It is preferably derived from abdomen fat.
How does Stem Cell work for Spinal Cord Injury?
When an injury to the spinal cord occurs, the nerve cells are damaged. The damage cells attract immune cells as it is natural reaction to an injury in the body. But in-case of a Spinal nerve injury, these immune cells destroys not only the injured cells but also healthy cells which causes increased inflammation.
If stem cells are administered within 6 months of injury then it helps in reducing the inflammation which results in avoiding damage to healthy cells. If the stem cell is administered at a chronic stage of Spinal Cord Injury, it will help in improving performance of existing tissue through angiogenesis and Neuro protection.
Neurons and Glial cells carry electrochemical impulses called as action potential. These electrochemical impulses or action potential are required to carry signal from brain to spinal cord to and fro. Stem cell has the ability to repair and replace neurons and glial cells. Further it helps in repair of myelin sheath that surrounds the nerve cells to protect them. This sheath also increases the speed of nerve transmission. Stem cell also repairs tissue and builds new blood supply to the nerves. All of this result in an environment that fosters formation of new nerve cells at the site of damaged nerve cause by Spinal Cord Injury.
Outcome of Stem Cell Procedure for Spinal Cord Injury
Convincing improvement in motor, reflex and sensory capacity of a patient has placed faith of experts on stem cell. The stem cell procedure cannot guarantee 100% cure but the patient’s quality of life improves. He can regain his mobility and can get back on their feet. Post stem cell treatment, patients have shown improvement in standing balance, trunk control, sensation, bladder control and other areas.
For detailed information please feel free to contact us. We will be happy to provide you with case studies. Also we can arrange for free opinion of stem cell consultants and spine surgeons. Embracing medical advancement is the way forward when conventional methods give-up on a person suffering from Spinal Cord Injury.
Stem Cell is also the only option to treat:
- Cerebral Palsy
- Motor Neuron Disease
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Other degenerative disorders
Please feel free to contact us if you wish to explore limitless possibilities that Stemcell offers without any adverse implication. You can write to us for a spcialist opinion which shall be provided free of cost. Visit our website http://www.treatmentpossible.com or write to us on email@example.com